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  • Sruti Mohapatra

Multiple Disabilities

According to RPwD Act 2016, Multiple Disabilities (more than one of the above-specified disabilities), including deaf-blindness, which means a condition in which a person may have a combination of hearing and visual impairments causing severe communication, developmental, and educational problems.


As per NIEPMD, when a child has several different disabilities we say, that he/she has multiple disabilities. For example, a child may have difficulties in learning, along with controlling her movements and/or with hearing and vision. The effect of multiple disabilities can be more than the combination of two individual disabilities.


Some examples of multiple disabilities are (NIEPMD):

  • Deafblind (Visual Impairment + Hearing Impairment)

  • Visual Impairment + Hearing Impairment + Mental Retardation

  • Visual Impairment + Mental Retardation

  • Cerebral Palsy + Mental Retardation/ Hearing/ Speech/ Visual problems


People with severe or multiple disabilities may exhibit a wide range of characteristics, depending on the combination and severity of disabilities, and the person’s age. There are, however, some traits they may share, including:

  • Limited speech or communication;

  • Difficulty in basic physical mobility;

  • Tendency to forget skills through disuse;

  • Trouble generalizing skills from one situation to another; and/or have a need for support in major life activities (e.g., domestic, leisure, community use, vocational).


References


About Multiple Disability. http://niepmd.tn.nic.in/mul_disability.php


Meaning and Definition of Multiple Disabilities. https://wecapable.com/multiple-disabilities-meaning-definition-examples/


RPwD Act. (2016). The Schedule – Specified Disability - http://www.tezu.ernet.in/PwD/RPWD-ACT-2016.pdf Retrieved 05 Apr 2020.

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